Antibiotic Linked to Belly Blockage in Infants
Written by Editor   
Thursday, September 18, 2014 04:27 PM

Infants who received azithromycin (Zithromax) in the early days of life were at an increased risk for developing infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS), researchers reported.  The link was strongest if exposure to the antibiotic occurred in the first 2 weeks of life, and persisted to a lesser degree in kids between 2 and 6 weeks of age.

"Practitioners must carefully weigh the risks and benefits when prescribing azithromycin [in young infants]," Eberly advised. "These infants should be monitored for signs and symptoms of [IHPS] for 6 weeks following treatment with azithromycin."

Healthcare providers have used azithromycin, generally as a prophylaxis against pertussis, but the risk associated with this antibiotic remains unknown.