Diet Reduces Inflammatory Markers in ‘Real World’ Type 2 Diabetes
Written by Editor   
Saturday, August 23, 2014 05:00 PM

Encouraging patients newly diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes to diet or to diet and increase their physical activity reduces markers of inflammation and their cardiovascular risk compared with usual care, real-world study findings show.

“Our results show that motivational unsupervised diet and diet plus physical activity interventions, integrated into healthcare settings and with relatively modest resource implications, generate beneficial changes in various inflammatory markers in early [Type 2 diabetes]”, the authors report.

The authors report that, at 6 months, patients in the diet intervention group had serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels that were, on average, a significant 21% lower than those of patients receiving usual care, and a significant 22% lower for those receiving the diet plus physical activity intervention.

Similarly, adiponectin levels were 6.6% lower with diet and activity and 8.1% lower with diet alone, compared with usual care, while the differences for soluble intercellular adhesion molecule (sICAM)-1 levels were 5.7% and 5.2%, respectively.