History

Chiropractic Heritage and History

If you have additions to the History timeline please forward them to editor@chirotexas.org citing your source.

1891-92
Written by Chris Dalrymple, DC   
Sunday, August 16, 2015 10:28 PM

May 10, 1891 – James Riddle Drain born May 10, in Kendrick, Idaho.  He will become president of TCC and future Keeler Plaque recipient. 

June 1891 – Willard Carver graduates law school from Drake University in Des Moines, Iowa.  He practices law for 13 years until 1904. "...he at first planned to become a doctor of medicine but gave it up after extensive study convinced him it was too inexact to be scientific."

August 15, 1891 – Rudy George Warner, D.C. born August 15, 1891 in Stanton, Stanton County, Nebraska. He is a future Keeler Plaque recipient. 

August 19, 1891 – Joe E. Busby, D.C. born in Lawrenceburg, Tennessee, August 19, 1891.  He is a future Keeler Plaque recipient. 

October 1891 – The University of Texas Medical Branch medical school began instruction in October 1891. The Ashbel Smith building, called “Old Red”, was where Galveston’s Medical School was established in 1891.  Because standards were high and students poorly prepared, only twelve of the first group of twenty-two medical students eventually graduated.  

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1889
Written by Chris Dalrymple, DC   
Sunday, August 16, 2015 04:49 PM

"The modern medical practice acts, which required graduation from medical school, now placed the licensing function in state agencies, and medical schools no longer could license their graduates."

“Although the licensure acts were challenged in courts because the new laws deprived many existing and potential ’new school practitioners of their right to practice medicine, the 1889 U.S. Supreme Court case of Dent v. West Virginia established that the state has a duty to protect the health, welfare, and safety of its citizens, and that as long as the licensing acts were rationally related to this state duty, they would be upheld.” 

Frank Dent was a physician of the Eclectic sect, a group which accepted and taught the conventional medical science of the time. However, in the area of therapeutics, the Eclectics carried on a rigorous campaign against excesses of drugging and bleeding, which were still practices used by many physicians at the time. In addition, all but one of their medical schools were open to women.

Dent had been in practice for six years when he was convicted under an 1882 West Virginia law which required physicians to hold a degree from a reputable medical college, pass an examination, or prove practice in West Virginia for the previous ten years. In this case, the State Board of Health refused to accept Dent's degree from the American Medical Eclectic College of Cincinnati.

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1888
Written by Chris Dalrymple, DC   
Sunday, August 16, 2015 04:21 PM

D. D. Palmer moves to Davenport, Iowa, at age 43.  Willard Carver enters law school there the same year.

After 1888 and before 1892 the Alamo Fire Insurance building is constructed in San Antonio. 

It becomes the Central Office Building c. 1912. and houses the Chiropractic College of San Antonio, which becomes the Texas Chiropractic College.

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1887
Written by Chris Dalrymple, DC   
Sunday, August 16, 2015 03:22 PM
Paul CasterA. T. StillD. D. Palmer

Three noted magnetics in the Midwestern region were Paul Caster, Andrew Still and Daniel Palmer; the first and third would have a chiropractic legacy, while Dr. Andrew Taylor Still would found osteopathy.  Prior to 1888 D.D. Palmer studies magnetic healing with Dr. Paul Caster of Ottumwa, Iowa and establishes practice in Burlington, Iowa, after graduating.  

Clyde M. Keeler, D.C., Ph.C. born in Kansas, June 2, 1887.

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1886
Written by Chris Dalrymple, DC   
Sunday, August 16, 2015 03:01 PM

Although Iowa had passed a medical practice act in 1886, the law had rarely been enforced, perhaps owing to the public's continuing reluctance to accept the exclusive authority of any one branch of the healing arts. Orthodox medicine was only beginning to establish its scientific authority; the first randomized, controlled clinical trials of pharmaceuticals were still nearly four decades in the future.

Prior to 1887– D. D. Palmer leaves the grocery business.

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1882
Written by Chris Dalrymple, DC   
Sunday, August 16, 2015 02:49 PM
D. D. PalmerWillard CarverB. J. Palmer
D. D. Palmer and Willard Carver were neighbors prior to 1882.
 
On September 14, 1882 – Bartlett Joshua Palmer is born.  
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1880
Written by Chris Dalrymple, DC   
Saturday, August 15, 2015 06:46 AM

In 1880 the 269 members of the TMA comprised only 10 percent of Texas physicians, indicating there are some 2,690 practicing physicians in Texas in 1880.

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1878
Written by Chris Dalrymple, DC   
Friday, August 14, 2015 10:27 PM
c. 1878 – Harvey Lillard looses hearing in his left ear after lifting a heavy weight while in a stooped and cramped position.
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1876
Written by Chris Dalrymple, DC   
Friday, August 14, 2015 08:31 AM

The phrase "school of thought"  originates 1864.  – Etymology Online "School (n.1.)

The practice of medicine was deregulated during the first half of the 1800s.  This period saw the growth of new schools of thought about how to practice medicine.  Lay healers, bone setters, botanic Thompsonians, homeopaths, eclectics, and others began to offer medical services, and these ‘new schools’ of medicine rapidly produced practitioners for the masses.  – Source:  The Physician's Perspective on Medical Law, Volume 2

In 1876 Texas updated its constitution. It states: the Legislature may pass laws prescribing the qualifications of practitioners of medicine in this State, and to punish persons for malpractice, but no preference shall ever be given by law to any schools of medicine.  

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1873
Written by Chris Dalrymple, DC   
Thursday, August 13, 2015 10:39 PM

“'The first modern medical practice act was passed in Texas in 1873,’ and by 1905, 39 states were again licensing physicians. Twenty-two of these states required practitioners to pass a licensing examination."

A new Medical Practice law was structured in 1873 and in 1875 the basic law took shape.  It was amended and penal provisions added in 1876 and again in 1879, to include “offer and attempt to practice” under its code.  

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