Passive ROM of the Shoulder: A Standardized Method for Measurement and Assessment of Intrarater Reliability
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Friday, May 08, 2015 12:00 AM

The purpose of this study was to determine the intrarater reliability and reproducibility of a standardized procedure for measuring passive shoulder movement in asymptomatic individuals.  

A single assessor used a digital inclinometer and standardized protocol to measure the passive range of motion of 7 shoulder movements in 168 asymptomatic shoulders. Following a warm-up maneuver, 3 measurements were taken for each movement on 2 occasions. Both shoulders were measured using a standardized order of movement. Selection of measurement beginning with left or right shoulder was randomly determined. The entire process was repeated 7 days later to assess reproducibility. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) with 95% confidence intervals and standard errors of measurement (SEMs) were calculated to assess the intrarater reliability of the methods.

The intrarater reliability of our methods was substantial for total shoulder flexion, whereas all other movements demonstrated moderate reliability except external rotation in neutral abduction, for which reliability was classed as slight. Moderate reliability was evident for all movements on follow-up at 7 days.

These methods of measurement have moderate to substantial reliability for the majority of tested passive shoulder movements, with moderate reliability sustained after 1 week, in a large sample of asymptomatic individuals.